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Labor Law

10 Jan, 2023
Topic: Employment and Workplace
Intended Audience
Visitor: Student, Tourist, Business Owner
Citizen: Parent, Business Owner, Employee
Resident: Parent, Employee

Labor Law

The labour Law of Qatar provides a body of laws and regulations outlining the legal rights, restrictions and obligations of workers, employers and workers committees. All parties involved should adhere to the labour Law.

Qatari Employment

Priority in employment is given to Qatari nationals, as the Ministry of Labour provides various services for Qataris to find a suitable job for them in the labour market and enables employers to find the talents and professionals they are looking for. Therefore, citizens looking for job opportunities should take the initiative to apply through Kawader platform, to obtain suitable job opportunities. In the event that there are no Qataris applying for the job, business owners wishing to recruit foreign workers from abroad must obtain a permit from the Ministry of labour.

Migrant Workers

Migrant workers can work in the State of Qatar through various entities, and the State of Qatar has made many amendments in recent years to the Labour Law, which addresses the rights of migrant workers and aims to preserve their rights and safety, including Decree-Law No. (18) of 2020 amending some provisions of the Labour Law issued by Law No. (14) of 2004.

These amendments included a set of reforms that serve the interests of migrant workers, including but not limited to:

- Introducing a minimum wage for all workers including household workers.

- Cancellation of the exit permit; workers can leave the country without the permission of the employer.

- Cancellation of no-objection certificate (NOC); employees no longer need a permission from the employer to terminate their contracts and obtain another job within the country.

- Establishment of a Workers’ Support and Insurance Fund which protects workers’ rights in receiving their end of service and guarantees their rights in case the establishment closes for any reason. You can read Labour Reform to learn more about migrant workers’ laws.

Working Hours 

The maximum number of working hours allowed without overtime pay is 48 hours per week. Working hours are reduced to 36 per week during the month of Ramadan.

Workers are entitled to at least one day of rest per week. Friday is the common day of rest for all workers except those who handle shift work. No employee should work two or more Fridays in a row. 

Dispute Settlement Committee

Qatar established the Dispute Settlement Committees in 2018, which aims to facilitate workers' access to their rights by resolving labour disputes within three weeks of the migrant worker’s submission of a complaint.

For more information, please download a copy of the Qatar Labour law.

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