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Sustainable Development Goals

Sustainable Development Goals

Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by all member states of the United-Nations in 2015, describe a universal agenda that applies to and must be implemented by all countries. The SDG Index and Dashboards Report is the first worldwide study to assess where each country stands with regard to achieving the SDGs. Sound metrics and data are critical for turning the SDGs into practical tools for problem solving. SDGs set standards not only for emerging and developing countries, but also for the industrialized nations. Governments and civil society alike can utilize the SDG Index and Dashboards Report to identify priorities for action, understand key implementation challenges, track progress, ensure accountability, and identify gaps that must be closed in order to achieve the SDGs by 2030.

This page will expand on Qatar’s current strategic alignment towards the SDGs, including references from the numerous national strategies that have been implemented to achieve Qatar’s National Vision 2030. By clicking on each of the following icons, you will be directed on a brief summary to what Qatar achieved for each of the respective SDGs that Qatar has tackled or is in the process of tackling.

It is exciting to mention that HH Sheikha Moza has been selected for a second time to be an Advocate of the Sustainable Development Goals in recognition of her leading role in providing quality education, youth empowerment, and human development through her initiatives at the local and international levels.

For more information, you can check the SDGs portal related to the Planning and Statistics Authority.

No Poverty Zero Hunger Good Health and Well-Being Quality Education Gender Equality Clean Water and Sanitation

Affordable and Clean Energy Decent Work and Economic Growth Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure Reduced Inequalities Sustainable Cities and Communities Responsible Consumption and Production

Climate Action Life Below Water Life on Land Peace Justice and Strong Institutions Partnerships for the Goals

No Poverty

Strategic Alignment

Qatar’s International Cooperation Strategy (ICS), aligned with its National Vision 2030, supports the special goal of a greater economic and social development in low-income countries. It is in line with the 2030 SDGs as adopted by world leaders in September 2015, which supports global partnership for poverty eradication, reducing inequality and promoting sustainability.

Context

  • Qatar makes considerable efforts towards supporting charity work that help curb poverty in the world’s most grief struck locations. Charity constitutes a main pillar of humanitarian principles inherited from parents and ancestors. To exemplify Qatar’s efforts towards eradicating poverty, look no further than Qatar Charity, which is ranked among the top contributors (including governments) to humanitarian activities according to the OCHA-monitored Financial Tracking Service.
  • ICT Alignment: Any individual or organization from around the world can start a project or initiative on Qatar Charity’s website and begin to collect donations from around the world for their project / initiative.
  • Between 2012 and 2017, Qatar Charity has spent over USD 1.3 Billion on humanitarian and development operations and projects, which provided relief and assistance to more than 178 million people in over 50 countries. These projects are carried out either directly by Qatar Charity through its 24 subsidiary offices around the world or through partnerships with international or local NGOs or IGOs.

Zero Hunger

Strategic Alignment

The Natural Resource Management (NRM) Sector Strategy, which is in line with QNV 2030, sets out the overall direction for the management of the sector and emphasizes the main outcome “Optimize and sustain natural resources for the people of Qatar” that remains relevant to the goal of the current strategy. It includes three targets for the vegetation plants, fish, and animal production to increase food self-sufficiency so that to support the national economy and enhance food security.

Context

  • Agricultural land constitutes about 6% of Qatar’s area. This first necessitates the conservation of agricultural land using advanced agricultural research since the limited agricultural land, harsh climatic conditions and high temperatures do not allow for crop rotation. This requires seeking other ways to increase productivity, enacting laws and legislation on agricultural production, and eliminating salinity resulting from a reduced groundwater level, which has caused soil degradation and low productivity.
  • Agricultural research will help use new techniques, introduce drip irrigation to replace traditional methods, change irrigation methods and stop cultivating crops that consume large amounts of water. The new agricultural policy also requires expanding marketing outlets, supporting farmers and fully applying procedures and directives to ensure long-term food security for Qatar.
  • An example of an initiative established by Qatar is the Global Dryland Alliance, by His Highness Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, the Emir of the State of Qatar, to establish an international organization to face food insecurity consequences, negative environmental and economic impacts associated with climate change.

Good Health and Well-Being

Strategic Alignment

  • The human development pillar of Qatar National Vision 2030 expresses Qatar’s ambition to develop a healthy population, physically and mentally. It is within the context of progressing closer to QNV 2030 that the National Health Strategy 2018-2022 directs the health sector’s next period of growth, as one of eight sector strategies that comprise Qatar’s National Development Strategy 2018-2022.
  • Currently, Qatar’s health system is improving at a dramatic pace. Since the launch of the first National Health Strategy in 2011, the health system has invested heavily in expanding the healthcare service provision, additional infrastructure, workforce capacity and capabilities. As a result, most of the population now has access to high-quality healthcare and enjoys a good quality of life in line with regional benchmarks (London School of Economics, 2017).

Context

  • ICT Alignment: The health system has also been optimized to deliver exemplary online services, such as the MyHealth Patient Portal, MyHealth enables patients to access their key health records anywhere via the internet. The portal gives them access to key medical information including test results, upcoming appointments and medications. It shows one single record of information, regardless of whether you were seen at Hamad Medical Corporation or Primary Health Care Corporation.
  • Example of a long-term health initiative is the Qatar Biobank, which was launched by Qatar to reduce the number of chronic illnesses in the population and improve the health of future generations through medical research on the causes of prevalent illnesses. This is done by gathering biological samples and information on the health and lifestyle of Qatar’s people.

Quality Education

Strategic Alignment
  • In line with the lofty goals and objectives of the permanent Constitution and the QNV 2030, Qatar has taken care to spread education for all to build generations conscious and aware of the culture of peace and the means for people to benefit from science and technology. The State encourages and supports talented and distinguished foreign students from least developed countries (LDCs) to study at the University of Qatar, the Doha Institute of Higher Studies, Hamad University and the Education City’s universities. This will help build long-term relationships between Qatar and the students’ countries of origin, in addition to building the human capacities of these students. Helping LDCs achieve the internationally agreed development goals is a major goal of several initiatives under Qatar’s International Cooperation Strategy. Reducing poverty, creating jobs in infrastructure projects, and providing education and health.

Context

  • The Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development (QF) has launched and implemented the Silatech initiative to support the aspirations of Arab and global youth of having access to decent work, in addition to the “Education above All Foundation” that provides educational opportunities, especially for children living in low-income families or facing humanitarian crises.
  • ICT Alignment: Alongside the initiatives, the Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MOEHE) has simplified the process for local students to apply for a variety of scholarship programs through the High Education Institute’s portal for parents and students. The Higher Education Institute aims at supporting the development of Higher, Technical and Vocational Education by offering a variety of scholarship programs so that students are able to pursue Higher Education and be prepared for the tasks they will face in applying to and attending top colleges and universities both locally and around the world.

Gender Equality

Strategic Alignment
  • Under the Second Pillar - Social Development of QNV 2030, the State of Qatar aspires to advance and develop the social dimensions of its society by nurturing Qatari citizens capable of dealing effectively and flexibly with the requirements of the age they live in, and by preserving a strong and coherent family that enjoys support, care and social protection. Women will assume a significant role in all spheres of life, especially through participating in economic and political decision-making.

Context

  • Qatar has pledged to provide high-quality education to one million girls by 2021, in support of the Charlevoix declaration of the G7 summit of June 2017. These efforts resulted in an improvement in the status of women in labor, health, education and training market indicators, and worked to achieve gender equality and the empowerment of women by giving priority to development programs and initiatives to promote the economic and social empowerment of women and to promote and empower the family. This is all based on constitutional foundations of promoting gender equality, provided access to education for women, as well as access to health services, employment opportunities, as well as participation in various fields of work in addition to political participation.
  • Qatar has consistently made sizable donations to the UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, solidifying it’s stance in the fight to provide all women with the equal pay, equal sharing of unpaid care and domestic work, an end to sexual harassment and all forms of violence against women and girls, health-care services that respond to their needs, and their equal participation in political life and decision-making in all areas of life.

Clean Water and Sanitation

Strategic Alignment
  • QNV 2030 aims to realize high-level achievements worthy of the leadership role Qatar intends to assume in environment issues worldwide. Qatar will protect the environment despite the challenge of its rapid population growth. Examples of issues that Qatar used to face include: increased waste, sanitation network coverage to all residential areas and pressure on freshwater sources. As the population increases, domestic waste increases, which requires more waste treatment efforts. This large population growth inevitably puts pressure on natural resources, especially freshwater. It also does require greater efforts on water treatment and reuse.

Context

  • Qatar has succeeded in achieving the sixth goal of sustainable development by ensuring the availability of water and sanitation services for all the residents in the country. The Permanent Water Resources Strategy Committee and Qatar’s Environment Protection Law aim to secure water for future generations, as the main proponents towards achieving the sustainable development goal.
  • The efforts of the State of Qatar in achieving water and food security through the strategy of integrated water management, water recycling and use in a number of purposes such as central cooling of the areas as an alternative to drinking water.

Affordable and Clean Energy

Strategic Alignment
  • In line with QNV 2030, Qatar is leveraging it’s key role as one of the largest suppliers in the world of liquid natural gas (LNG), in a world where energy consumption is an important driver, to invest heavily into renewable and clean energy. Establishing Qatar as a technology development and research hub in new energy industries.

Context

  • Qatar seeks to diversify the energy mix produced through developing and implementing a renewable energy strategy along with its policy and legal umbrella. An example of such an endeavor is Siraj Solar Energy, a joint venture company for the generation of electricity from solar power that was established by Qatar Petroleum (QP) and Qatar Electricity and Water Company (QEWC).
  • Siraj Solar Energy is developing a plan to generate 200 megawatt of solar energy by 2020, to be increased to 500 megawatt afterwards, due to the relevant projects of Qatar Petroleum (QP). The adoption of renewable energy projects will no doubt reduce CO2 emissions, decrease the amounts of oil and gas used in desalination and power generation, and satisfy the growing demand for energy.

Decent Work and Economic Growth

Strategic Alignment
  • The QNV 2030 constitutes the general framework for Qatar’s transition towards a diversified and competitive knowledge economy. A knowledge-based economy primarily depends on the use of ideas rather than physical capabilities and on the application of technology rather than processing raw materials or employing unskilled labor force.
  • Given the many cross-sector relationships among the sectors involved in the labor market, the successful implementation of an efficient workforce sector strategy would not only lead to human capital development and more efficient labor market, but also to realizing other QNV 2030 goals as a result of the many inter-sectoral relations.
  • Higher education levels have direct impacts on labor force participation. Furthermore, an interrelationship among education, training and employment requires that sectoral policies and decisions be coordinated, coherent and integrated in the context of appropriate institutional arrangements.

Context

  • It is necessary to build an efficient and highly motivated and engaged national workforce. Given the small size of Qatar’s population, Qatari citizens will not have the numbers and skills enough to manage complex systems, infrastructure and other work requirements under the Fourth Industrial Revolution, rapid growth, and diversified and technologically advanced economy, which requires directing the labor market towards the recruitment of skilled and globally competitive expatriate workers, developing labor legislation, and improving the labor market information system.
  • ICT Alignment: To support garnering a technologically advanced economy, the Digital Incubation Center (DIC) was created to boost ICT innovation in Qatar, particularly among young people at the critical early stages of starting or growing a technology-related business. DIC looks for entrepreneurs capable of harnessing emerging technologies to create innovative products, solutions, or services that will contribute to Qatar’s digital economy and support healthy economic growth.

Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Strategic Alignment

  • As a main outcome from QNV 2030, Qatar seeks to develop a sustainable and high-quality infrastructure that supports the national economy and is capable of keeping abreast of the latest smart technologies. Qatar works to increase and strengthen coordination among the government agencies involved in the effective implementation of the 2022 FIFA World Cup projects, Metro and Hamad International Airport projects, the QNMP and its projects.

Context

  • ICT Alignment: Qatar seeks to develop appropriate administrations to manage the Hamad Port, the Hamad International Airport (HIA), the Metro Project and the Renewable Energy Project. Qatar looks forward to a more efficient use of ICT through the improvement and development of government e-services and of communications infrastructure services, and the promotion of the recycling of construction materials, accompanied by special national legislation. Infrastructure services such as the Government Cloud, which provides a resilient and secure ICT shared environment that allows government entities to procure IT Computing Resources with greater ease and speed, increasing the entity’s agility and scalability for IT capacity while at the same time, reducing operational costs of IT infrastructure.
  • The Railway and Doha Metro Project aims to establish an integrated public transport network to limit the use of automobiles, particularly in terms of the commutation of students, workers and staff, reduce traffic jams and accidents, save commutation time, contribute to transport of goods, and reduce environmental pollution. Through the organic economic growth that the rail network will naturally provide in an environmentally-friendly and sustainable manner, through development of the local workforce, and through community engagement programs, Qatar Rail is able to provide unprecedented support to the ultimate goals of QNV 2030.

Reduced Inequalities

Strategic Alignment
  • Under the Second Pillar – Social Development of QNV 2030, Qatar will seek to build a safe, secure and stable society based on effective institutions. The country will promote tolerance, benevolence, constructive dialogue and openness toward other cultures in the context of its Arab and Islamic identity. Moreover, it will provide its citizens with their basic needs and guarantee them equal opportunities. It is in line with the 2030 SDGs as adopted by world leaders in September 2015, which supports global partnership for poverty eradication, reducing inequality and promoting sustainability.

Context

  • Nearly half of the world’s population - more than 3bn - live on less than $2.50 a day, while more than 1.3bn live in extreme poverty (less than $1.25 a day). Migrant low-income laborers from Bangladesh, India and elsewhere make significantly more money working in Qatar than they would in their home countries, and most of their earnings are sent back home. This enables their family members to acquire basic services such as health care and education. Qatar has one of the largest migrant workforces, relative to the number of nationals, in the world.
  • Tens of thousands of new migrants take up residence in the country each month, driven in large part by the need for laborers to construct the vast amount of infrastructure needed for the 2022 World Cup. Due to this, Qatar has introduced a number of measures aimed at accommodating migrants.
  • For example, the Qatar 2022 Supreme Committee adopted the Workers Charter. Since then, Qatar has continuously built upon these initiatives to ensure all workers engaged on its projects, and those of the other infrastructure developers in Qatar, have a right to be treated in a manner that ensures at all times their wellbeing, health, safety and security.
  • Qatar also approved a draft bill to set up a support fund for the migrants, titled the “The Workers Support and Issuance Fund” under the auspices of the Cabinet. Additionally, preliminary discussions were held regarding the possible establishment of a minimum wage and implementation of legal protection measures.

Sustainable Cities and Communities

Strategic Alignment
  • Technology is at the heart of transforming cities and countries and we aim to harness the power of ICT to deliver outcomes to the citizens, residents and visitors of Qatar and to drive the sustainable economic Agenda set forward by Qatar’s Vision 2030.
  • Due to its abundant natural resources, Qatar’s growth has been exponential over the past two decades, and this development is expected to continue for years to come. In order to ensure that this occurs in a sustainable manner, research is needed in areas identified in the Qatar National Vision 2030 and beyond.

Context

  • ICT Alignment: The effort of the TASMU Smart Qatar Program focuses on harnessing the power technology and innovation to drive sustainable economic diversification while improving quality of life and enhancing the delivery of public services in Qatar across various top priority sectors. It leverages four key design elements focused around people and technology: Understand, Describe, Identify and Create. By exploring Qatar from the point of view of citizens, residents, and visitors, different journey experiences and touchpoints were defined, challenges and pain points unraveled, and ambitious smart technology solutions identified, shaping the future of Qatar.
  • To strike a balance between economic and social development, Qatar has also created the Center for Sustainable Development, where five dedicated research programs exist to ensure a sustainable future for Qatar, focused on Food and Water Security, Renewable Energy, Natural Resource Governance, Algal Technologies, and Waste Management. Within these research programs, they aim to promote inter-disciplinary research, bringing together national and international academia and industrial partners in both governmental- and industry-funded research projects.

Responsible Consumption and Production

Strategic Alignment
  • Due to the specificity of the production base of the Qatari economy, where the oil sector still accounts for nearly 49% of the GDP, about 89% of total commodity exports, and around 94% of total State revenues, the first NDS-2 pillar is to diversify the production base through increasing public investment to complete the relevant infrastructure in promising economic sectors, promoting private investment by providing adequate conditions and basic services for of these sectors to grow, establishing industrial and service zones, supporting and developing SMEs and increasing their contribution to the diversification of the production base.

Context

  • Diversifying production goes hand in hand with raising awareness in Qatar for responsible consumption of it’s limited resources as well. Nevertheless, due to Qatar’s rapid growth rate, many challenges and pressures are faced relating to high population growth rate which puts pressure on the environment and natural resources, in addition to large urbanization as a result of population growth and increased economic activities, especially since the majority of these activities depend on oil, gas and petrochemical industries.
  • Tarsheed is an organization created by the Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation – a good example of sustainable awareness efforts that aim at promoting a culture of responsible consumption. It facilitate initiatives and organizations that aim to contribute to achieving the Qatar 2030 Vision by providing technical assistance and implementation support. Based in Doha, Qatar, Tarsheed provides mechanisms for improving efficiency, ensuring sustainability, and incorporating best practices in project and program implementation.

Climate Action

Strategic Alignment
  • Qatari permanent Constitution obligates the State to provide a healthy environment that ensures the future, addresses the negative effects of climate change, minimizes pollution, conserves and protects the environment, preserves natural equilibrium.
  • Climate change is a major challenge facing countries around the world, especially the oil and gas-producing countries that have petrochemical projects and plants, like Qatar. Climate change has now become a reality, with Qatar’s average annual temperature rising by 0.3 °C over the past 40 years. This average is projected to increase by 1.5-3 °C by 2050 and by 2.3-5.9°C by 2100, which will cause many negative effects. This will result in more water stress and adversely affect labor productivity due to health effects and growth. The country is also highly susceptible to sea level rise where a rise of less than five meters will make 18.2% of Qatar’s area flooded with water by the end of the century.

Context

  • There are many paths that Qatar can take to curb the deterioration of the climate that it is so vulnerable to. An example of one of these paths is the creation of a green belt around Doha and its environs would play a major role in improving environmental and health conditions. From a health point of view, green belts and areas are the lungs through which cities breathe and a major means to reduce global warming and the erosion of ozone layer.
  • A program that Qatar is actively investing towards to curb climate change is the “Renewable Energy Program” Considering the high energy-requirements for local water and food production systems, sustainable energy sources are required to sustain the increasing demand. In line with Qatar National Vision 2030, the program aims to develop technologies for enhancing the energy utilization and the development of renewable energies will aid greatly in reversing the effects of climate change. Energy efficiency initiatives in the oil and gas industries, urban contexts, as well as the country’s infrastructure development, are key issues addressed by this program.

Life Below Water

Strategic Alignment

It is known that rapid development and population growth are pressing the natural environment. This necessitated the integration of biodiversity conservation into the NDS. For this reason, the original 2004 National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans were updated to review, prioritize and make targets more specific, realistic, time-bound and in line with the QNV 2030 and the NDS-1.

Context

  • With a 550-km coastline, Qatar’s area is nearly 11,627 km2. Qatar has a number of islands, rock ranges and shallow waters on the coast. It also has land habitats, such as mangroves and swamps, in addition to sand dunes, rocky and gravel areas, valleys, coral reefs and diverse marine life.
  • In terms of marine species, 402 species have been registered in addition to 57 species of plants, 15 species of mammals, 379 species of invertebrates, 15 species of birds and 20 species of reptiles. Six species are endangered, 22 are vulnerable and 7 are near threatened. Rapid industrialization, climate change, invasive species, water scarcity and habitat erosion pose significant threats to biodiversity.
  • Due to Qatar’s rich marine cultural heritage and a biodiverse environment, the creation of the Environmental Science Center (ESC) was necessary. The mission of the ESC is to understand and protect this precious natural resource for the benefit of the Qatari people. The ESC, as the premier environmental science research center in Qatar will utilize state-of-the-art resources to conduct cutting-edge research in Marine Science (including physical & chemical oceanography, and marine biology); Atmospheric Science; and Earth & Terrestrial Sciences.

Life on Land

Strategic Alignment

It is known that rapid development and population growth are pressing the natural environment. This necessitated the integration of biodiversity conservation into the NDS. For this reason, the original 2004 National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans were updated to review, prioritize and make targets more specific, realistic, time-bound and in line with the QNV 2030 and the NDS-1.

Context

  •     With a 550-km coastline, Qatar’s area is nearly 11,627 km2. Qatar has a number of islands, rock ranges and shallow waters on the coast. It also has land habitats, such as mangroves and swamps, in addition to sand dunes, rocky and gravel areas, valleys, coral reefs and diverse marine life.
  •     The terrestrial species include 8 species of mammals, 322 species of birds, 29 species of reptiles, 1 amphibian species, and 228 species of invertebrates. Plant life consists of 422 species of plants and 142 species of fungi. Two species have become extinct, and there are 9 endangered species and 171 vulnerable species. Endangered species include Arabian Oryx, large dotted eagle and corncrake.
  •     Most protected areas are terrestrial aimed to protect sensitive desert ecosystems from overhunting, overgrazing, development and desertification. To ensure this protection is upheld, Qatar has also created the Environmental Sustainability Strategy (2017-2022) to bring balance between the rapid growth of Qatar and preservation of its terrestrial ecosystems. Following the strategy will ensure environmental sustainability for present and future generations.

Peace Justice and Strong Institutions

Strategic Alignment
  • The Social Development Pillar of the QNV 2030 also stresses the importance of security and public safety: “Development of a just and caring society based on high moral standards and social welfare.” The QNV, in addressing the social structure, highlights the need to “Establish a secure and stable society operating on the principles of justice, equality and the rule of law.” Finally, the QNV affirms that Qatar will work to “provide security and stability to the population.” This official interest is reflected in integrating a sectoral strategy for security and public safety in the NDS-1 (2011-2016) and then in the NDS-2 (2018-2022).

Context

  • The Social Protection Strategy (SPS) is a vital and integral part of the social development policy of Qatar and a key instrument to meet the requirements of sustainable development. The SPS 2017-2022 will ensure the integration of the social protection system across the various sectors that support the social protection network to ensure their effectiveness and sustainability so that the entire burden is not shouldered by the government alone.
  • ICT Alignment Example: An important example towards the transparency and publication of the laws and decrees of Qatar’s justice system is the Qatari Legal Portal (Al-Meezan). It is a comprehensive website that archives all laws and legislations that are in force, amended or abrogated since 1961, all judicial judgements, indexed and concluded the legal principles from them, and all relevant legal scholarly references needed.

Partnerships for the Goals

Strategic Alignment
  • The QNV 2030 goals in the area of international cooperation emphasized the importance of “An increased regional role economically, politically and culturally, particularly within the framework of the Gulf Cooperation Council, the Arab League and the Organization of Islamic Conference and the UN System and its affiliate entities; strengthen the cultural exchange with the Arab peoples in particular and with other nations in general; foster and support the dialogue among civilizations, promoting coexistence between different religions and cultures; and contribution towards international peace and security through political initiatives and developmental and humanitarian assistance.

Additional Context

  • International cooperation also contributes to international and regional partnerships on energy, water and environmental protection issues; capacity-building, training and qualifying Qatari human resources to make a creative contribution to the development process; and to provide technical and logistical support to international NGOs and CSOs in order to assume an important position and play an advanced role in helping the public and private sectors achieve their strategic objectives.
  • Examples of such partnership are:
  • The Wise Initiative: WISE is an international, multisectoral platform for creative thinking, debate and purposeful action. WISE has established itself as a global reference in new approaches to education. Through both the biennial Summit and a range of ongoing programs, WISE is promoting innovation and building the future of education through collaboration. WISE is a response to the necessity of revitalizing education and providing a global platform for the development of new ideas and solutions.
  • Silatech: Silatech aims to connect youth in the world with the jobs and resources necessary to establish and develop their projects. By providing comprehensive and innovative solutions in the field of youth employment through working with national, regional and international partners.